The process of building homes and commercial buildings is divided into various stages of construction. It allows contractors to manage and keep track of projects easily. Sometimes, one or more of these stages may be combined. At other times they may be divided into sub-stages. Whether you are building a home or a large scale commercial establishment, its stages of construction will consist of the following steps.
The first stage of construction is the Conceptual Stage. In this stage, a project manageror an architect will discuss the requirements of a new project with the clients or owners. They will analyze what the functional requirements of the clients are and how much budget they are going to allocate for the project. The managerwill determine the feasibility of the project within the given time and monetary constraints.
Designing is the second phase among the stages of construction. The architect prepares a design depending on the requirements and preferences of the client. The architect will first prepare a schematic design which is a rough sketch of the site. It will give the owners an idea of the site including the number of rooms and the size of each room. Once the clients are satisfied with the design, the architect will prepare a detailed drawing that illustrates the site. It will also assist the contractor in the construction estimating process.
The bidding stage starts once the architect has prepared detailed drawings and specifications of the site. The owners will approach various contractors and ask them to submit bids. The contractors will use the documents prepared by the architect to estimate the cost of the construction process and the time required. They will submit their bids to the owners who will then choose one of the contractors. The architect will often assist in documentation regarding bidding and may give a few recommendations as well.
Once you have hired a contractor, the pre-construction stage begins. A project team will be formed who will oversee the different aspects of the construction site. A thorough examination of the site will be done to determine any environmental or space challenges. The findings will be reviewed by local governing bodies before actual construction can begin. The site will be prepared for construction activity once everything is in order. The contractor will start procuring materials and hiring subcontractors for the work.
The construction stage covers the actual activity of building the home or office. The contractors and subcontractors will undertake their work, depending on the timeframe decided. The architect will visit the site often and ensure that everything is proceeding as per the plan. He or she will also inform the owner regarding the progress of the site. The contractors’ payment applications will also be reviewed by the architect before the owner clears them.
Project Close-Out Stage
Project Close-Out is the final stage of the construction process. A project enters the final stage once all the construction work, major or minor, has been completed. Your architect will assist you in determining the same. An inspection will be undertaken for ensuring that all the requirements as per the bidding documents are met. The owners will be trained regarding the operation and maintenance of the structure. They will be given the occupancy of the building and allowed a warranty period for determining everything is in order. The contracts will be legally closed along with the preparation of a project completion report.